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Kirill Kulikov
Kirill Kulikov

The History and Symbolism of Peridot: A Gemstone for August



Peridot is a variety of olivine. It is part of the orthorhombic crystal system and has a vitreous luster. Peridot is rich in magnesium and has an iron content that gives the gem its green coloring. The shades of Peridot range from yellow-green to olive green and dark green. The meaning of Peridot is purpose and focus.




peridot meaning



The peridot has become the gem most often associated with those born in the final full month of summer, but sardonyx was the traditional birthstone for August. Even more recently, spinel was been added to the list of August birthstones.


Peridot was considered to be a gem of spring, a symbol of the sun worn for luck and success. [Kunz, 326][Mella, 95][Simmons, 298] It was assigned to the planet Jupiter, and today is the traditional gift given on the occasion of a 16th wedding anniversary. [www.gemselect.com][Hall, 45][www.peridot.com]


If you were to enter a room and hear others talking about a vibrant green stone, you would be forgiven for believing that they were speaking about the emerald. Peridot, after all, is also commonly called the "Poor Man's Emerald" or the "Evening Emerald". However, these names prove a great injustice to the peridot stone.


Peridot has its own unique qualities that make it stand out from other green gemstones. While it does have similar properties to the emerald, they are not interchangeable. With its own special properties and spiritual meanings, peridot deserves its own name and identity.


Peridot meaning and healing properties


Peridot crystal meaning and uses


Peridot gemstone meaning and origin


Peridot birthstone meaning and benefits


Peridot jewelry meaning and symbolism


Peridot stone meaning and chakra


Peridot color meaning and psychology


Peridot ring meaning and significance


Peridot necklace meaning and energy


Peridot earrings meaning and style


Peridot bracelet meaning and protection


Peridot pendant meaning and attraction


Peridot beads meaning and quality


Peridot cabochon meaning and value


Peridot rough meaning and price


Peridot spiritual meaning and power


Peridot metaphysical meaning and properties


Peridot angel meaning and guidance


Peridot dream meaning and interpretation


Peridot zodiac sign meaning and compatibility


Peridot numerology meaning and vibration


Peridot tarot card meaning and reading


Peridot rune stone meaning and divination


Peridot feng shui meaning and placement


Peridot reiki meaning and healing


Peridot meditation meaning and technique


Peridot affirmation meaning and practice


Peridot mantra meaning and sound


Peridot aura meaning and cleansing


Peridot grid meaning and layout


Peridot elixir meaning and recipe


Peridot candle meaning and magic


Peridot oil meaning and aromatherapy


Peridot incense meaning and burning


Peridot herb meaning and usage


Peridot flower meaning and bouquet


Peridot animal totem meaning and spirit guide


Peridot plant ally meaning and connection


Peridot goddess meaning and invocation


Peridot element meaning and correspondence


Peridot season meaning and celebration


Peridot moon phase meaning and ritual


Peridot day of the week meaning and activity


Peridot hour of the day meaning and timing


Peridot sacred geometry meaning and shape


Peridot crystal grid pattern meaning and design


Peridot crystal system structure meaning and formation


Peridot hardness scale rating meaning and durability


Peridot chemical composition formula name origin


When olivine experiences this high pressure, it's transformed into peridotite (olivine with some other minerals). These rocks can be brought up closer to the surface through volcanic activity, where they're exposed to more heat and pressure. The result is a greenish-yellow stone with an emerald-like luster called peridot!


Ancient Egyptians believed that peridot gemstones had protective qualities and healing properties. When worn at night, a peridot crystal could guard against nightmares, and stringing a peridot stone along your arm with donkey hair was guaranteed to ward off evil spirits.


In Egyptian mythology, the god Horus was often depicted wearing a headdress made from peridot. This is believed to be because of its association with fertility. Peridot was also used by Egyptian priests as an offering to Ra, their sun god. In fact, Egyptians often called the peridot gemstone, the "gem of the sun".


The ancient cultures of Greece and Rome also were known to admire the green hue of the peridot. In ancient times, Greek men and women believed that wearing peridot would bestow nobility onto the wearer. Both Greeks and Romans prescribed the peridot to the king of their gods: Zeus (for the Greeks) and Jupiter (for the Romans).


It is speculated that Pele is the real-life counterpart to the goddess Te Fiti in Disney's Moana. If this is the case, it makes sense that her heart in the film would be depicted as a glowing bright green stone...not unlike peridot.


Although peridot gemstones are often considered the primary birthstone for the month of August, they are not the only ones or even the first. That honor goes to sardonyx, a green striped gemstone that was purported to provide protection to Egyptian soldiers who frequently wore it into battle.


Because peridot gemstones and sardonyx were often confused for the other the American Gem Trade Association and Jewelers of America decided to adopt the peridot as the second official birthstone of August which eventually eclipsed the sardonyx in popularity.


The peridot is one of only a few gemstones that come in one color only....the color green. In fact, peridot can range in various shades of green from yellow-green to yellowish green, olive green, and brownish green. Pure green peridot is highly prized for its deeply saturated green color.


One of the primary differences between rough peridot and cut peridot gemstones is the appearance of the color. As the rough stone has not undergone proper polishing its green color may seem more muted than the polished yellow-green to olive green sparkling hues.


Finally, Cut peridot and rough peridot can differ particularly in size. Because much of the rough peridot is cut away to shape the final gemstone, cut peridot tends to be smaller than rough peridot gemstone.


Peridot is connected to both the heart chakra and the solar plexus chakra and it is believed that holding peridot crystals will release blockage from your heart and solar plexus chakra to aid relationships and release negative emotions.


In addition to helping you open and release your solar plexus chakra, peridot gemstones are believed to have the power to improve different physical bodies. Peridot healing properties can include detoxing your liver, regenerating cells and tissue, bringing strength to the adrenal system, and bringing down the temperature of a fever.


Who knew the secret to a great study session was simply wearing peridot jewelry? The mindfulness that peridot crystals provide can also be applied to help you center and focus on the tasks ahead of you.


Peridot is the 16th-anniversary gift on many modern anniversary gift lists. When you gift a peridot on your 16th anniversary you are reminding your partner that your love is just as vibrant as the vitreous luster of the peridot.


Peridot can be found in mafic and ultramafic rocks occurring in lava and peridotite xenoliths of the mantle. The gem occurs in silica-deficient rocks such as volcanic basalt and pallasitic meteorites. Peridot is one of only two gems observed to be formed not in Earth's crust, but in the molten rock of the upper mantle.[citation needed] Gem-quality peridot is rare on Earth's surface due to its susceptibility to weathering during its movement from deep within the mantle to the surface.[citation needed] Peridot has a chemical formula of (Mg, Fe)2SiO4. Peridot is one of the birthstones for the month of August.[1]


Etymology and Appearance: The origin of the name peridot is uncertain, possibly derived from Anglo-Norman or Arabic words. It is a gemstone that occurs only in an olive-green color, with its intensity and tint depending on iron content. Peridot can vary from yellow to olive to brownish-green.


Occurrence: Olivine is the source of peridot. Gem-quality peridot is rare due to its chemical instability on Earth's surface. Large crystals of forsterite, used to cut peridot gems, are also rare. Peridot can be found in meteorites and can be differentiated by size and composition. The San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation in Arizona is the principal source of peridot olivine today, with other sources around the world.


Cultural History: Peridot has been prized for its alleged protective powers, though there is no scientific evidence for such claims. It is sometimes mistaken for emeralds and other green gems. Peridot is the birthstone for August, and the largest cut peridot olivine is a 310-carat specimen in the Smithsonian Museum.


The earliest use in England is in the register of the St Albans Abbey, in Latin, and its translation in 1705 is possibly the first use of peridot in English. It records that on his death in 1245, Bishop John bequeathed various items, including peridot, to the Abbey.[3]


Peridot is one of the few gemstones that occur in only one color: an olive-green. The intensity and tint of the green, however, depends on the percentage of iron in the crystal structure, so the color of individual peridot gems can vary from yellow, to olive, to brownish-green. In rare cases, peridot may have a medium-dark toned, pure green with no secondary yellow hue or brown mask. Lighter-colored gems are due to lower iron concentrations.[4]


The molecular structure of peridot consists of isomorphic olivine, silicate, magnesium and iron in an orthorhombic crystal system. In an alternative view, the atomic structure can be described as a hexagonal, close-packed array of oxygen ions with half of the octahedral sites occupied by magnesium or iron ions and one-eighth of the tetrahedral sites occupied by silicon ions.


Oxidation of peridot does not occur at natural surface temperature and pressure but begins to occur slowly at 600 C (870 K) with rates increasing with temperature.[5] The oxidation of the olivine occurs by an initial breakdown of the fayalite component, and subsequent reaction with the forsterite component, to give magnetite and orthopyroxene.


Olivine, of which peridot is a type, is a common mineral in mafic and ultramafic rocks, often found in lava and in peridotite xenoliths of the mantle, which lava carries to the surface; however, gem-quality peridot occurs in only a fraction of these settings. Peridots can also be found in meteorites.


Peridots can be differentiated by size and composition. A peridot formed as a result of volcanic activity tends to contain higher concentrations of lithium, nickel and zinc than those found in meteorites.[6]


Olivine is an abundant mineral, but gem-quality peridot is rather rare due to its chemical instability on Earth's surface. Olivine is usually found as small grains and tends to exist in a heavily weathered state, unsuitable for decorative use. Large crystals of forsterite, the variety most often used to cut peridot gems, are rare; as a result, peridot is considered to be precious.


The principal source of peridot olivine today is the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation in Arizona.[8] It is also mined at another location in Arizona, and in Arkansas, Hawaii, Nevada, and New Mexico at Kilbourne Hole, in the US; and in Australia, Brazil, China, Egypt, Kenya, Mexico, Myanmar (Burma), Norway, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, and Tanzania.[citation needed]


Peridot crystals have been collected from some pallasite meteorites. The most commonly studied pallasitic peridot belongs to the Indonesian Jeppara meteorite, but others exist such as the Brenham, Esquel, Fukang, and Imilac meteorites.[9]Pallasitic (extraterrestrial) peridot differs chemically from its earthbound counterpart, in that pallasitic peridot lacks nickel.[10]


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