Resident Alien (2021) Finnish Subtitles
This publication is for withholding agents who pay income to foreign persons, including nonresident aliens, foreign corporations, foreign partnerships, foreign trusts, foreign estates, foreign governments, and international organizations. Specifically, it describes the persons responsible for withholding (withholding agents), the types of income subject to withholding, and the information return and tax return filing obligations of withholding agents. In addition to discussing the rules that apply generally to payments of U.S. source income to foreign persons, it also contains sections on the withholding that applies to the disposition of U.S. real property interests (USRPI) and the withholding by partnerships on income effectively connected with the active conduct of a U.S. trade or business.
Resident Alien (2021) Finnish subtitles
A nonwithholding foreign partnership has three partners: a nonresident alien individual, a foreign corporation, and a U.S. citizen. You make a payment of U.S. source interest to the partnership. Assume that the payment is subject to chapter 3 withholding but is not a withholdable payment. The partnership gives you a Form W-8IMY with which it associates Form W-8BEN from the nonresident alien, Form W-8BEN-E from the foreign corporation, and Form W-9 from the U.S. citizen. The partnership also gives you a complete withholding statement that enables you to associate a part of the interest payment to each partner.
You must treat all three partners as the payees of their part of the interest payment as if the payment were made directly to them. Report the payments to the nonresident alien and the foreign corporation on Forms 1042-S. Report the payment to the U.S. citizen on Form 1099-INT. You do not need to determine the chapter 4 status of the partnership because the payment is not a withholdable payment.
A nonwithholding foreign partnership has two partners: a foreign corporation and a nonwithholding foreign partnership. The second partnership has two partners, both nonresident alien individuals. You make a payment of U.S. source interest to the first partnership. Assume that the payment is subject to chapter 3 withholding but is not a withholdable payment. The partnership gives you a valid Form W-8IMY with which it associates a Form W-8BEN-E from the foreign corporation and a Form W-8IMY from the second partnership. In addition, Forms W-8BEN from the partners are associated with the Form W-8IMY from the second partnership. The Forms W-8IMY from the partnerships have complete withholding statements associated with them. Because you can reliably associate a part of the interest payment with the Form W-8BEN-E provided by the foreign corporation and the Forms W-8BEN provided by the nonresident alien individual partners as a result of the withholding statements, you must treat them as the payees of the interest. You do not need to determine the chapter 4 status of the partnership because the payment is not a withholdable payment.
A foreign simple trust has three beneficiaries: two nonresident alien individuals and a U.S. citizen. You make a payment of U.S. source interest to the foreign trust. Assume that the payment is subject to chapter 3 withholding but is not a withholdable payment. The foreign trust gives you a Form W-8IMY with which it associates Forms W-8BEN from the nonresident aliens and a Form W-9 from the U.S. citizen. The trust also gives you a complete withholding statement that enables you to associate the interest payment with the forms provided by each beneficiary. You must treat all three beneficiaries as the payees of their part of the interest payment as if the payment were made directly to them. Report the payment to the nonresident aliens on Forms 1042-S. Report the payment to the U.S. citizen on Form 1099-INT. You do not need to establish the chapter 4 status of the trust because the payment is not a withholdable payment.
A payee is subject to withholding only if it is a foreign person. A foreign person includes a nonresident alien individual, foreign corporation, foreign partnership, foreign trust, foreign estate, and any other person that is not a U.S. person. It also includes a foreign branch of a U.S. financial institution if the foreign branch is a QI. In most cases, the U.S. branch of a foreign corporation or partnership is treated as a foreign person. The determination of whether a foreign person is treated as an entity (i.e., as opposed to being disregarded as separate from its owner), or as a foreign corporation, foreign partnership, or foreign trust is made under U.S. tax rules.
A nonresident alien is an individual who is not a U.S. citizen or a resident alien. A resident of a foreign country under the residence article of an income tax treaty is a nonresident alien individual for purposes of withholding.
Green card test. An alien is a resident alien if the individual was a lawful permanent resident of the United States at any time during the calendar year. This is known as the green card test because these aliens hold immigrant visas (also known as green cards).
Substantial presence test. An alien is considered a resident alien if the individual meets the substantial presence test for the calendar year. Under this test, the individual must be physically present in the United States on at least:
If your employee is late in notifying you that his or her status changed from nonresident alien to resident alien, you may have to make an adjustment to Form 941 if that employee was exempt from withholding of social security and Medicare taxes as a nonresident alien. For more information on making adjustments, see chapter 13 of Pub. 15 (Circular E) .
A bona fide resident of Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI), Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), or American Samoa who is not a U.S. citizen or a U.S. national is treated as a nonresident alien for the withholding rules explained here. A bona fide resident of a possession is someone who:
Other documentation may be required to claim an exemption from, or a reduced rate of, chapter 3 withholding on pay for personal services. The nonresident alien individual may have to give you a Form W-4 or a Form 8233. These forms are discussed in Pay for Personal Services Performed under Withholding on Specific Income, later.
In most cases, income is from U.S. sources if it is paid by domestic corporations, U.S. citizens or resident aliens, or entities formed under the laws of the United States or a state. Income is also from U.S. sources if the property that produces the income is located in the United States or the services for which the income is paid were performed in the United States or the income is a dividend equivalent. A payment is treated as being from sources within the United States if the source of the payment cannot be determined at the time of payment, such as fees for personal services paid before the services have been performed. Other source rules are summarized in Chart B and explained in detail in the separate discussions under Withholding on Specific Income, later.
Income from the performance of services by a nonresident alien in connection with the individual's temporary presence in the United States as a regular member of the crew of a foreign vessel engaged in transportation between the United States and a foreign country or a U.S. possession is not income from U.S. sources.
Income derived by an insured nonresident alien from U.S. sources upon the surrender of, or at the maturity of, a life insurance policy, is FDAP income and is subject to chapter 3 withholding and is a withholdable payment. This includes income derived under a life insurance contract issued by a foreign branch of a U.S. life insurance company. The proceeds are income to the extent they exceed the cost of the policy.
Racing purses are FDAP income and racetrack operators must withhold 30% on any purse paid to a nonresident alien racehorse owner in the absence of definite information contained in a statement filed together with a Form W-8 that the owner has not raced, or does not intend to enter, a horse in another race in the United States during the tax year. If available information indicates that the racehorse owner has raced a horse in another race in the United States during the tax year, then the statement and Form W-8 filed for that year are ineffective. The owner may be exempt from withholding of tax at 30% on the purses if the owner gives you Form W-8ECI, which provides that the income is effectively connected with the conduct of a U.S. trade or business and that the income is includible in the owner's gross income.
Payment received for a promise not to compete is generally FDAP income. Its source is the place where the promisor forfeited his or her right to act. Amounts paid to a nonresident alien for his or her promise not to compete in the United States are subject to chapter 3 withholding and are withholdable payments.
You may have to file Form 1042-S to report certain payments of interest on deposits. See Deposit interest paid to certain nonresident alien individuals under Returns Required, later. You may also have to file Form 1042-S when the deposit interest is a withholdable payment to which withholding applies (or was applied) to chapter 4.
Interest received from a resident alien individual or a domestic corporation is not subject to chapter 3 withholding and is not a withholdable payment if the interest meets all of the following requirements.
Interest from a Series E, Series EE, Series H, or Series HH U.S. Savings Bond is not subject to chapter 3 withholding if the nonresident alien individual acquired the bond while a resident of the Ryukyu Islands or the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.
If you receive a Form 972, Consent of Shareholder To Include Specific Amount in Gross Income, from a nonresident alien individual or other foreign shareholder who agrees to treat the amount as a taxable dividend, you must pay and report on Form 1042 and Form 1042-S any withholding tax you would have withheld if the dividend actually had been paid. 041b061a72